Projects Executed By KARNIK

Raitha Samparka Kendra

Community Toilets

Vambay Housing

11 Finance Housing

Rehabilitation Project AT NALANDA, BIHAR


Raitha Samparka Kendra means “Farmer’s Interaction center”. Construction of such Centres is a program of the Department of Agriculture, Government of Karnataka. These Centres are to serve as an information centre for farmers on crops, irrigation, cultivation practices, technologies and markets.

In the 1st phase of the program, 10 prototype-buildings have been constructed at Angod and Rattihalli in Davangere district, Chandapura in Bangalore District, Mallipatna in Hassan district, Pala in Uttara Kannada district, Nargund in Gadag district, Humnabad in Bidar district, Yadgir in Gulbarga district, Chunchanakatte in Mysore district and Belthangadi in Dakshina Kannada District. 

National Institute of Design (NID), the design consultants prepared the building designs. Tor Steel Research Foundation in India (TRFI), the technical consultant prepared the structural designs. District Nirmithi Kendras (Building Centres) did the construction. Karnataka Nirmana Kendra (KARNIK), the State level Nodal organization for the promotion of district Nirmithi Kendras supervised and monitored the works of the District Nirmithi Kendras.

Based on the satisfactory construction of the prototype buildings, the Agricultural Department entrusted 39 buildings works in the second phase, 12 in third phase and 17 in the fourth phase. The works in the first three phases are substantially completed. The fourth phase works are nearing completion with 6 of the buildings being handed over.

The feature of the buildings is the rooftop design that enables rooftop harvesting of water. The water can be used for secondary purposes and also for primary purposes after boiling/purification treatment. In the project, the harvested water is led to a tank and used in the toilets. The roof is a ‘double roof’ (a thin ribbed slab concrete roof covered by pre-coated metallic Galvanized Iron sheet). The design enables good thermal comfort in the rooms. The building has space for meetings and dissemination of the information, computer facility, storage facility for fertilizers and seeds, and a small lab to carry out the soil and seed testing facilities.

COMMUNITY TOILETS                                                                                                                                                                                   Top of the Page

The lack of adequate sanitation facilities in girls’ colleges was identified as one of the reasons for poor enrolment of girls in higher education. For those already in colleges, the lack of adequate sanitation facilities was a matter of serious concern and discomfort. 

The Directorate of Pre University Board of the Karnataka State Education Department designed a program to equip all girls’-only colleges with sanitation facilities in the first instance and provide such facilities in co-education colleges in the next phase. KARNIK was chosen by the Department to organize the construction of the facilities.

KARNIK implemented this project through the network of affiliated District Nirmithi Kendras in the State. The project was remarkable for its use of Participatory Approaches ensuring active involvement of the students and the teachers. The emphasis was on providing adequate water supply, providing the facilities required for the user group and adopting cost effective specifications and technologies that are durable and add aesthetic value. The issue of continuous maintenance after the facility is handed over to the college was also stressed and arrangements made involving participation of the students. 

The designs were based on local needs. Provisions were made for the specific requirement of the students in each of the college and some of their requirements were for providing bathroom, dressing room, racks to keep baggage, washbasins, mirrors, dustbins, push button taps, flushing cisterns, security and privacy aspects, good ventilation, exhaust fans, electrification, permanent roofing, glazed tiles for flooring and internal walls, sump and water storage tanks, independent water supply through bore well and others as such.

Some of the technologies adopted are Ferro Cement Structures, Filler Slab roofing, Cavity blocks/Concrete blocks walling, RCC Door frames and GFRP shutters.The original work order of the Department was for the construction of 57 numbers of complexes at a total estimated cost of Rs 400 Lakhs. The sanctions in the first phase covered 57 numbers of colleges, which was completed at an incredibly low cost of Rs 192 Lakhs. 

The unit cost for each toilet including all accessories and other facilities worked out to Rs 20000/- to Rs 25000/-. So far 129 colleges  - 119 number of girls colleges and - 10 number of co-education colleges have been provided with modern sanitation facilities with an investment of Rs 360 Lakhs. Construction of 120 community toilet complexes in as many institutions has been completed and remaining nine is nearing completion. Sanction has been received for the construction of additional 121 number of community toilet complexes in as many locations in the fourth phase. 

KARNIK HAS PROVIDED VALUE FOR MONEY THROUGH COST-EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES by facilitating construction of more than twice the number of community toilets for the same budget amount.

VAMBAY HOUSING                                                                                                                                                                                            Top of the Page

Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY) is a Center-State partnership scheme to provide homes and improve the living conditions of the slum households. Karnataka Slum Clearance Board is the nodal agency in the State of Karnataka for implementing this program. KSCB has associated with KARNIK for construction of 2091 houses in the first phase covering 23 slums in 12 districts. The actual construction work was done through the network of district Nirmithi Kendras. 

The unit cost for each unit is Rs 40000.00 in all towns and Rs 60000.00 in Bangalore and the minimum plinth area to be provided is 150 Sq ft. By adopting cost effective building materials, technologies and cost-saving construction practices such as Concrete blocks masonry, RCC door and window frames, GFRP shutters and organizing the production of building components at site, it has been possible to provide 225 Sq ft to 280 Sq ft plinth area for each dwelling unit much greater than the minimum prescribed area. Houses are built as individual, twin or row houses depending on the site conditions. Mezzanine flooring is provided wherever the sites were insufficient to provide the minimum plinth area.

Construction of houses in a slum is really a challenging one due to lack of proper access to individual houses, loose filled up earth conditions, water logged conditions, steep slopes and lack of sufficient set backs. Most cases involving dismantling of existing dilapidated house and its reconstruction without causing damaging adjacent houses besides being a challenge to the best of the civil construction agencies calls for considerable skills in organizing local communities and allaying their fears and their increased hardships. 

Settlement development in slums cannot be done without the whole-hearted co-operation of the beneficiaries and the community at large. In the project, beneficiaries were involved in the design of the houses through Participatory Approaches. Customer Information Note was provided in local language giving details on the specifications being followed in the construction before starting of the construction for ready reference of the beneficiaries and to monitor the quality from their end also.

The first phase was completed successfully and thereafter in the second phase 800 houses that were entrusted has also been completed. In Third phase work on 400 houses is in progress.  


11 FINANCE HOUSING                                                                                                                                                                                       Top of the Page

Revenue Department, Government of Karnataka has entrusted the work of constructing Officers Quarters for Government employees. The Category includes, Deputy Commissioner's, Chief Executive Officers, Deputy Secretaries, Tashildars, HQA's(Head Quarter Assistant's), Revenue Inspectors, Village Accountants. Chamarajanagar, Bagalkote, Udupi, Davanagere, Koppal are the districts which have been entrusted the works.

The funds are released by the Revenue Department to RGRHCL which in turn are distributed to the respective Nirmithi Kendra's. The designs of the buildings have been designed by local architects. A total of 192 units have been ordered to construct. The work in Udupi, Bagalkot, Koppal and Davanagere have been almost complete and Handed Over.


Ministry of Defence, Government of India is setting up an Ordnance factory at Rajgir, Nalanda district in Bihar state. Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), which is engaged in developing the township for the Ordnance Factory has also been entrusted with the responsibility to organize the rehabilitation of the displaced persons who have lost their lands on account of the acquisition of their lands for the Ordnance Factory. DRDO has partnered with Rajiv Gandhi Rural Housing Corporation Limited (RGRHCL) to take up the construction of houses for the project displaced persons. 

The land is flat with loose soil and the water table is very high making constructions and sanitation works a real challenge. Based on technical assessment, Stub column are provided for the foundation and the grade beams for basement. Walling is with burnt bricks due to the abundant availability of cheap and excellent quality bricks made of alluvial soil in this Gangetic region. RCC doorframes with GI shutters are being used in this project and the roofing is RCC. 

RGRHCL is implementing this program through KARNIK, Raichur Nirmithi Kendra, Koppal Nirmithi Kendra and Bijapur Nirmithi Kendra. Designs of the dwelling unit is prepared by DRDO and RGRHCL team and the structural designs are provided by TRFI who were also monitoring the quality of construction on day to day basis at site.

Team-RGRHCL had established production unit at site for casting RCC doorframes and ventilators and fabricating steel for windows, doors and reinforcement. Master masons of the Nirmithi Kendras had trained the local masons and involved them in construction of these houses under the technical supervision of RGRHCL, TRFI and DRDO. Local labors most of whom are the project displaced persons and who would be prospective allottees of the houses were engaged in the construction and were provided with livelihood albeit temporarily but nevertheless ensuring that the project gains accrue locally in significant measure.

The work  for 750 houses in the first phase and 440 houses in the second phase are completed and Handed over . Plinth area provided is 280 Sq ft and the unit cost is about Rs 80000/-.                                                                                                                                                                                       Top of the Page